Date of Award
Bachelor of Arts
obesity, food, smoking, behavioral risk, morbidity
Obesity is the fastest growing health issue currently in the United States, as its prevalence has risen to over 30%, up from 14% in 1980 (Chou et al. 2004). As a result, the percentage of the population dealing with chronic health conditions has also been on the rise. Although the obesity epidemic is on the rise, smoking rates in the United States have declined from 33% to under 20% over the same time period, and from about 42% in 1965 (Todeschini et al. 2010). Thus, many economists have inferred that the declining smoking prevalence may partially be contributing to the rising obesity epidemic. Existing evidence shows that smoking cessation leads to significant weight gain. This study examines the effects of state expenditures on antismoking programs on BMI and obesity levels overtime. It is hypothesized that the anti-smoking programs, although efficient in increasing the cessation of smoking, are unintentionally increasing obesity prevalence. If this is the case, the anti-smoking campaign may not be as effective in improving the general health of the public as has been assumed. Based on data mainly from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for the years 2000 to 2010, and taking into account lagged variables, ordinary least squares regression results show that antismoking expenditures are positively and significantly correlated to BMI and obesity. This paper also tests the theory that the antismoking campaign may be inducing people to adopt healthier lifestyles, as suggested by some previous literature. Results show that rising antismoking expenditures decrease the probability that an individual will be a smoker, but do not affect whether an individual makes other healthier lifestyle choices, measured by exercise and dietary-intake variables. To combat this unintentional consequence of the antismoking campaign, some antismoking expenditures need to be shifted to anti-obesity programs.
Patel, Hunaiz, "RISING OBESITY: AN UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCE OF THE ANITSMOKING CAMPAIGN?" (2012). Honors Theses. 874.