Date of Award


Document Type

Union College Only

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Environmental Science and Policy

First Advisor

J. Douglass Klein




electricity, utilities, demand management, energy grid


Much of our world today depends on electricity. However, the demand for electricity is not consistent throughout the day or even over the course of a year. In order to redistribute the demand more evenly to allow electric utilities to produce electricity as efficiently as possible, demand side management strategies have been enacted by various countries. Analysis of these strategies of different countries can help to determine the most effective demand management practices. This paper will focus on policies and strategies that encourage or require the installation and utilization of smart meters. The United States, New Zealand and the European Union have all taken different approaches towards integrating smart meters and other demand management practices. Examining the success of these different policies in the future will help to determine the best approach for creating a more efficient and clean electricity grid.