Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Modern Languages and Literatures

First Advisor

Charles Batson




language, french, beliefs, changes, country


The process of colonizing a country is extremely complex. It is a combination of languages, traditions, races, beliefs and experiences. Sometimes the colonization of a country manifests itself in a battle between cultures. I will study the people, the political, economic, educational systems and all the changes in each society to deduce the influence of a different culture. Art and literature are representations, reflections and thoughts of individuals and a society. The French participation in Senegal, which was probably at its peak in the late 1800s to the 1900s, brought new practices, customs and institutions including the French language. The power of language can not be underestimated. The oral and written language has the ability to change, exchange and express beliefs. Written works are tangible, concrete and for the most part permanent expressions. This work analyzes the writing of Léopold Senghor, a writer, a politician and the prospective president of Senegal. He is responsible for the beginning of the negritude movement. His works reflect this ideology as well as lutes and adjustments because of the French influence. Negritude is a literary and ideological movement aimed at rejecting racist notions of the incompetence and stupidity of black people and showing pride in African history. Therefore, this work focuses on the changes in language, education and contradictions that blackness presents.