Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science



First Advisor

Brian Cohen




elevated, obesity, syndrome, adults, cholesterol


Obesity is a currently a major problem plaguing the world as a whole. The International Obese Task Force (IOTF) estimates at least 1.1 billion adults are overweight with some 312 million of those obese, globally. 1 As of 2004, in less than twenty years, the prevalence of obesity had more than doubled in adults with childhood obesity prevalence rising even more rapidly. Obesity, however, can be classified as a disease of its own or as a symptom of another disease. Two such diseases that have obesity as a symptom are Metabolic Syndrome and Cushing ’s syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome is a condition that is represented by the presence of multiple risk factors. These factors, as indicated by The National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III), include elevated waist circumference, elevated triglycerides, reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), elevated blood pressure and elevated fasting glucose. Table 1 provides the modified categorical cut-off points for the five Metabolic Syndrome diagnostic criteria with the modifications including medical treatment received for diabetes, hypertension or elevated triglycerides.