Date of Award
Union College Only
Bachelor of Arts
Spanish and Hispanic Studies
Stephanie A. Mueller, PhD
Bernardo Atxaga, poemas, animales, literatura vasca, euskera, erizo, mariposa, País Vasco
COSTANZO, ANTHONY El uso de animales como símbolos del euskera en los poemas de Bernardo Atxaga
ADVISOR: Stephanie A. Mueller, PhD
This thesis consists of an analysis of three poems by Basque author Bernardo Atxaga (b. 1951): "El erizo" and "Reggae de las Mariposas", from the collection Poemas & híbridos (1997) and "Escribo en una lengua extraña", from Nueva Etiopía (1996). Specifically, Atxaga's use of animal symbols is analyzed. The thesis concludes that Atxaga uses the two animals from the poems, specifically the hedgehog and the butterfly, to represent the Basque language. The hedgehog represents the state of the Basque language before the modern era, where the mountainous terrain of the Basque Country functioned as its "spines" to protect it from assimilation and invasion. The butterfly symbolizes the state of the Basque language in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, as it has been forced to adapt to new challenges and circumstances. In both cases, this depiction of a language as a living being illustrates Atxaga's vision of how a minority language has changed throughout history in order to protect itself and survive into the future. The conclusion was reached through analysis of both the poems and illustrative elements of Basque history.
Costanzo, Anthony, "El uso de animales como símbolos del euskera en los poemas de Bernardo Atxaga" (2022). Honors Theses. 2606.