Date of Award
Masters of Science
Frederic C. Schmidt
Water, chemically speaking, is the most important individual substance known. Water occupies an outstanding position among solvents. In its capacity as a solvent for salts and as an ionizing agent, it is in a class by itself. Of all known liquids, ammonia most closely resembles water in those properties which make water outstanding among solvents. As a solvent, ammonia is secondary to water, however; many salts insoluble in water dissolve readily in liquid ammonia. Solutions of salts in liquid ammonia are excellent conductors of electricity. Ammonia unites with salts to form ammonia of crystallization. It solvates ions. It is an associated liquid. Its physical constants are all out of proportion for a substance of much simple composition, that is, high critical pressure, high boiling point, and low cryoscopic and ebullioscopic constants.
Sottysiak, Joseph, "Heats of solution in liquid ammonia" (1939). Honors Theses. 2250.