Date of Award

6-1964

Document Type

Union College Only

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science

Department

Chemistry

Language

English

Abstract

Acids and bases have long been subjects of interest to the chemist. These two classes of chemical compounds play an important role in the chemical world in regards to their reaction with each other and their use as catalytic agents. They are known to react with each other in either of two ways. The reaction which is most familiar is the standard neutralization reaction which results in the formation of a salt and water. It can be illustrated by the reaction of an acidic substrate, HA, reacting with the base, sodium hydroxide. Such a reaction conforms with the Bronsted-Lowry definition of acids and bases. The purpose of the project is to study the two types of neutralization reactions with the desire to obtain a method for distinguishing between them. Thus, when an acidic species is placed in a specific basic solution, one will be able to determine the manner in which the two are reacting. Two basicity functions can be theoretically derived for the two reactions. The problem is to determine if these basicity functions differ sufficiently to be practically applied. The success of the work will naturally increase the knowledge of acid – base reactions and will also greatly enhance the study and use of base – catalyzed reactions.

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