Date of Award


Document Type

Union College Only

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



First Advisor

Shelton Schmidt




energy, price, states, fossil, fuel


As energy prices have increased, one question that has received little attention is the effect that geography has on the price of energy. Oil, coal, and natural gas are geologically concentrated, and by studying the effects this has on price in the United States, one may learn that proximity to an energy source has a significant impact on the price of that energy source. Likewise, a concentration of fossil fuel in a certain state and the correspondingly low energy prices may lead to fewer changes in energy policy in that state. These factors may lead to wide differences in opinions about energy and the environment among the 50 United States and may retard the development of a national energy policy. Using panel data from all 50 states, a price equation and a consumtion equation, I estimate how significant the impact of fossil fuel production on price and policy is. I conclude that fossil fuel production does significantly affect price. I also conclude that states with little or no oil, natural gas, and refining capacity are significantly more likely to use renewable energy resources.