Margie Amodeo



Download Full Text (85 KB)


Orson Schofield Phelps (1816-1905), or “Old Mountain Phelps” as he became known was one of the most notable of all Adirondack guides. He became the first white man to ascend Mount Marcy in August, 1849, bushed out the “Round Trip” trail in 1874 and brought over 500 tourists to its peak. Among the prominent figures that hired Phelps were Verplanck Colvin and Seneca Ray Stoddard.

The collection includes genealogy of the Phelps family as well as photographs and family documents. The majority of the papers are Phelps’ essays on nature and philosophy. They also include weather data from the High Peaks, a collection of poems on nature and publications referring to Phelps. The items were collected by descendant Shirley Putzig.

Publication Date



Genealogy, Photographs, Publications, Mount Marcy, Manuscripts, Adirondack Mountains


This collection is open to research.

Orson Schofield Phelps, 1878-1973



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.